We hope our newsletter finds you well, and that the items below give you a flavour of the publications, research and events that we have been involved in over the last few months. For further information on the work of CPC, please visit our website at www.cpc.ac.uk
CPC has produced six new working papers since our last newsletter in Autumn 2011:
On the 31st October the UN predicted that World population would reach 7 billion. To mark this, as part of the ESRC Festival of Social Science, in collaboration with the Centre for Global Health, Population and Policy, the University of Southampton and the University of Aberdeen, CPC undertook a number of activities;
The question of 'how climate change will impact on migration' is currently at the forefront of the UK Governments agenda, leading to the commissioning of a two year study that was published in October. The Migration and Global Environmental Change report, published by Forsight, draws on evidence produced by experts to understand how profound changes in environmental conditions such as flooding, drought and rising sea levels will influence and interact with patterns of global human migration over the next 50 years.
A substantial proportion of contemporary immigration to Britain is by nationals of east and central European countries who have recently joined the EU. A study carried out by CPC published this week in the Office for National Statistics publication 'Population Trends' finds that the recession has seen significant changes in the concentration of 'A8' migrant labour in particular parts of the labour market. This interesting feature merits research at a time when UK unemployment rates are high and when the economy is struggling to recover from recession.
Populations can grow in two ways - either through a surplus of births over deaths or because there is net immigration. Most demographic analysis focuses on one or other of these two dimensions, fertility or migration. However, it is possible to assess the combined impact of the two processes on the size of a population. New research from the ESRC Centre for Population Change does exactly that and assesses the extent to which migration alters intergenerational replacement within the United Kingdom.
New research investigates older people's need for social care, finding that that there is a significant level of 'unmet need' among older people for help with certain activities.
The Civil Partnership Act which came into force in December 2005 allowed same-sex couples in the UK to register their relationship for the first time. New joint research by researchers at the Office for National Statistics (ONS) and the ESRC Centre for Population Change (CPC), published in the current issue of Population Trends, highlights key trends in attitudes towards same-sex partnerships in Britain and examines the characteristics of those entering civil partnerships between 2005 and 2010. The researchers found that the majority of British people now accept same-sex couples as being "rarely wrong" or "not wrong at all", although there remain differences in attitudes towards same-sex partnerships by age and gender. Registration statistics for England and Wales suggest that same-sex civil partnerships are increasingly being taken up by women and at an earlier age. Comparison of civil partnerships with marriages suggests that, on average, men and women are older when they enter a civil partnership and that there are more likely to be greater age differences between the partners entering a civil partnership than for marriage.
The ESRC Centre for Population Change carries out research into the key drivers and implications of population change. Funded by the Economic and Social Research Council and based jointly at the University of Southampton and National Records for Scotland, the Centre brings together expertise from the universities of Southampton, St. Andrews, Edinburgh, Strathclyde and Stirling as well as the National Records for Scotland and the Office for National Statistics.